Guar Gum

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Contract Specifications
Commodity Name Guar Gum
Basis for price quote Ex-warehouse at Jodhpur, inclusive of sales taxes/VAT.
Trading unit  1 MT
Delivery unit 1 MT and multiples thereof
Quotation / Base value  Rs per quintal (100 kilograms)
Tick size (minimum price movement) Rs 1 per quintal
Delivery Logic Compulsory delivery
Delivery Center Basis: Jodhpur (within a radius of 100 Kms from the corporation/municipal limits).

Contract Specification January 2014 onwards

Guar gum, a natural gum, is an edible thickening agent extracted from the guar bean. Guar Gum is a white to yellowish- white powder and is odorless and bland in taste. It will disperse and swell almost completely in hot or cold water and is insoluble in organic solvents. It is very useful in many industrial and food applications. Guar gum is also used as suspension stabilizer.

Manufacturing Process:
The seeds of Guar are split and by sieving the endosperm, the germ is separated from the endosperm, which forms a gel in the water. Through heating, grinding and polishing process, the husk is separated from the endosperm halves and the refined Guar gum splits are obtained. The refined Guar split are then treated and converted in to powder through grinding process. Depending upon the requirement of end product, various processing techniques are used. The viscosity depends on temperature, time, pH, and agitation rate and particle size of the powder.

Guar Gum: Stage- wise Process is as below:
  • First, the pods are dried in sunlight, manually separated from the seeds.
  • The seeds are supplied to the industry for processing.
  • Guar by-products, churi and korma are used for Cattle feed.

Types of Crop:
Guar gum comes in different forms - from seeds to powder. Major types of Guar Gum include Guar Seed, Un-dehusked Split, Refined Split, Pulverized Guar Gum Powder, Guar Protein and Guar Meal.

India is the largest producer of guar seed and guar gum. India contributes nearly 80% percent of total guar seed production in the world. Guar has been cultivated in India and Pakistan for ages for use of its tender pods as fresh vegetables and other parts of the plant to be used as cattle feed. World's total production is nearly 7 lakh tons. Guar seed is typically made up of 40% to 46% germ, 38% to 45% endosperm, and 14% to 16% husk. The gum is obtained from the grounded endosperm.

India is the largest producer and exporter of guar gum, accounting for about 80 percent of the world trade. Demand from oil exploration industry has fuelled the exports. We anticipate a 10 percent growth in exports in 2008-09 on account of demand from oil drilling industry. Guar gum is used as a controlling agent in oil wells; it facilitates easy drilling and prevents fluid losses.

Indian Guar Gum products are exported and supplied all over the world by different guar gum manufacturers, suppliers and exporters. Many food emulsifier exporters also exports superior quality food additive, food thickener and food emulsifier.

Major Applications:
  • Ice-Creams/Sorbet/Popsicles: It is useful to stabilize ice creams especially in short time, high temperature processes preventing any variation in viscosity. It gives a dry feel and slows melt down in ice creams, sorbets and popsicles.
  • Bakery: Adding it to the dough increases yield, gives better/softer texture, improves handling and increases shelf life.
  • Pet Food: Its ability to act as a thickener proves useful as a process aid during pet food production.
  • Meat: It acts as a lubricant and also prevents loss of weight during storage by binding moisture in meat products.
  • Paper Industry: It is used as a wet end additive in the papermaking process. It improves sheet formation and physical properties.
  • Mining Industry: It aids in the ore concentration process by depressing gangue material during froth flotation. As a settling agent it improves the settling rate of suspended solids in slimes. It lumps together small particles in slimes resulting in better filtration.
  • Cosmetics: It thickens creams and lotions.
  • Explosives: It is added to explosive mixes as its ability to swell and seal out water helps retains the properties of the mix even in wet conditions.
  • Oil and gas drilling well drilling: It acts as a stabilizer and is used to control water flow and the flow of drilling mud.

Market Influencing Factors :
  • Changes in output/production due to fluctuations in rainfall.
  • Demand and supply mismatch.
  • Hoarding and black marketing.
  • Government policies.